gnb content footer

home

Government

Constitution and Government

Local Governments

Local Governments

Local Governments

The country adopted the local autonomous system in June 1995. The Local Autonomy Act was enacted in 1949, but local autonomy was not implemented during the period of political upheaval, including the Korean War, the April 1960 Student Revolution, the May 1961 Coup d’état.

Local governments are divided into high-level and low-level local governments. With the inclusion of Sejong Special Autonomous City in July 2012, the number of high-level local governments was increased to seventeen (i.e. Seoul Special City, six metropolises, eight provinces, and Jeju Special Self-Governing Province). The number of low-level local governments stands at 227 (i.e. si/gun/gu).

The heads of local governments and councilors are elected through direct election. The term for local government heads is four years, and they can be reelected for up to three terms. There is no limit on how many terms a local councilor may serve. The local autonomous system is very significant as a means of realizing the goal of grassroots democracy through local residents’ participation.


 

Local Government

Metropolitan Governments

Seoul

Seoul
Office Location: Sejong-daero, Jung-gu
Population: 10.20 million
Area: 605 km²
www.seoul.go.kr

Incheon

Incheon
Office Location: Jeonggak-ro, Namdong-gu
Population: 2.84 million
Area: 1,041 km²
www.incheon.go.kr

Daejeon

Daejeon
Office Location: Dunsan-ro, Seo-gu
Population: 1.52 million
Area: 540 km²
www.daejeon.go.kr

Gwangju

Gwangju
Office Location: Naebang-ro, Seo-gu
Population: 1.47 million
Area: 501 km²
www.gwangju.go.kr

Daegu

Daegu
Office Location : Gongpyeong-ro, Jung-gu
Population : 2.51 million
Area : 884 km²
www.daegu.go.kr

Ulsan

Ulsan
Office Location: Jungang-ro, Nam-gu
Population : 1.15 million
Area : 1,060 km²
www.ulsan.go.kr

Busan

Busan
Office Location : Jungang-daero, Yeonje-gu
Population: 3.54 million
Area : 770 km²
www.busan.go.kr

Sejong-si

Sejong Special Self-Governing City
Office Location : Guncheong-ro, Jochiwon-eup
Population: 0.11 million
Area : 465 km²
www.sejong.go.kr

Provincial Governments

Gyeonggi-do

Gyeonggi-do
Office Location : Suwon
Population: 12.10 million
Area : 10,171 km²
www.gg.go.kr

Gangwon-do

Gangwon-do
Office Location : Chuncheon
Population : 1.54 million
Area : 16,874 km²
www.provin.gangwon.kr

Chungcheongnam-do

Chungcheongnam-do
Office Location : Daejeon
Population : 2.10 million
Area : 8,204 km²
www.chungnam.net

Chungcheongbuk-do

Chungcheongbuk-do
Office Location : Cheongju
Population : 1.57 million
Area : 7,406 km²
www.cb21.net

Jeollabuk-do

Jeollabuk-do
Office Location : Jeonju
Population : 1.91 million
Area: 8,067 km²
www.jeonbuk.go.kr

Jeollanam-do

Jeollanam-do
Office Location : Muan-gun
Population : 1.91 million
Area : 12,267 km²
www.jeonnam.go.kr

Gyeongsangbuk-do

Gyeongsangbuk-do
Office Location : Daegu
Population : 2.70 million
Area : 19,029 km²
www.gyeongbuk.go.kr

Gyeongsangnam-do

Gyeongsangnam-do
Office Location : Changwon
Population : 3.32 million
Area : 10,535 km²
www.gsnd.net

Jeju Special Self-Governing

Jeju Special Self-Governing
Office Location : Jeju City
Population : 0.58 million
Area: 1,849 km²
www.jeju.go.kr

Featured Topics

http://www.korea.net/Government/Constitution-and-Government/Local-Governments

URL Copy

Department Global Communication and Contents Division , Contact Us